Anne Boleyn : who responsible for her death?


   There have existed lots of arguments above the down fall of Anne Boleyn since 1536. Many theories, mainly three, were assumed by historians to disclose the principal of this tragedy.

            First, Anne was truly guilty of treason and adultery. This theory was supported by: Mark Smeaton, a young musician in the Queen’s household, confessed having an intimacy with her. One of Anne’s ladies’s in waiting claimed that the Queen was not honest to the King. Moreover, one French poem, written by Lancelot de Carles – secretary to the French ambassador to England –  within a couple days after Anne’s execution by, discussed by Professor George Bernard, an authority on the Tudor period, reveals  names three of Anne’s lovers – Mark Smeaton, Henry Norris and, her own brother, George Boleyn. (Lizz H., Alberge D.:2010) However, considering about Anne’s struggling becoming a Queen; many historians claimed she shouldn’t take any risks leaded to losing throne.

Next, the whole allegations were made up to denigrate her by the King’s advisor, Thomas Cromwell. The historians theorize this view since the rumors of the Queen’s adultery and incest were spread out after Cromwell’s pretending sick. Nonetheless, there is not enough evidence of confliction between Anne and Cromwell.

The last, King Henry VIII, in order to married again with Jane Seymore, wanted to eliminate his wife. From many historians’ views, this is the most possible argument. King Henry VIII had Thomas Cromwell to conspire against his own wife, Anne Boleyn. According to the audio clip of BBC News, “The ambassador of Holy Roman Emperor, Eustace Chapuys, reported feedback to his master that he had never seen the English King was so happy as he was following Anne arrested.”(BBC: 2010) In addition, another key piece of evidence is – from the book, “1536: The Year that Changed Henry VIII” of Dr. Suzannah Lipscomb – Eustace Chapuys’s letter after the beheading, in which Cromwell told him that all plots were connived by himself under the autorised and commissioned by the King to execute and resulted in this decapitation (Lipscombs S., 2009 cited in Claire, 2010). These two evidences are the clearly emphasise to sedation of King Henry VIII. Thomas Cromwell didn’t committed treason by his personal resentment, on the other hand, to appease his King.

Even many hard evidences point to the third theory, King Henry VIII wanted to get rid of Anne Boleyn, there is no additional evidence which can enlighten this Tudor court’s riddle. To find affirmed data of over five hundred years before isn’t easy, the only approach can be applied is to collecting further data and resumption. Notwithstanding, the evidences in black and white, especially the letters, can be written with prejudice, delicately synthesis is crucial for historians and the history readers.


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